Excerpt from Law of the People's Republic of China on Road Traffic Safety

Article 19 Whoever drives a motor vehicle shall have lawfully obtained a motor vehicle driving license.

A driver shall drive a motor vehicle of the permitted type as stated on his driving license; and shall, when driving the motor vehicle, bring his motor vehicle driving license.

Article 22 Motor vehicle drivers shall abide by road traffic safety laws and regulations, and drive the vehicle safely and courteously according to the operation rules.

Whoever has drunk alcohol or taken psychotropic drugs or narcotics controlled by the State, or is suffering from a disease which impedes him from driving a motor vehicle safely, or is too tired to drive safely, shall not drive a motor vehicle.

No one shall force, instigate or connive a driver to violate the road traffic safety laws and regulations or the driving requirements on motor vehicle safety to drive a motor vehicle.

Article 35 Both motor vehicles and non-motor vehicles shall pass on the right side.

Article 36 According to the road conditions and passage requirements, where a road is divided into motor vehicle driveways, non-motor vehicle driveways and pavements, motor vehicles, non-motor vehicles and pedestrians shall pass along the road in their respective lanes; where the road is not divided into motor vehicle driveways, non-motor vehicle driveways and pavements, motor vehicles shall pass along the middle of the road, while non-motor vehicles and pedestrians shall pass along both sides of the road.

Article 37 Where a special driveway is delimited on a road, only prescribed vehicles are allowed to pass within the special driveway, and no other vehicle may drive into the special driveway.

Article 38 Vehicles and pedestrians shall pass according to the traffic signals; or pass according to on-the-spot command of the traffic policeman, if any; or shall, if along a road without any traffic signal, pass pursuant to the principle of guaranteeing the safety and smooth going.

Article 42 A motor vehicle shall not, if driving on the road, exceed the maximum speed per hour as indicated on the speed limitation mark; or shall, if on a road section without any speed limitation mark, keep a safe speed.

When a vehicle is driving at night or on a road section where dangers are easy to occur, or in case of such weather conditions as dust, hailstorm, rain, snow, fog, freezing, etc., it shall run at a lower speed.

Article 43 For any two motor vehicles running in a same driveway, the vehicle at the back shall keep a safe distance from the vehicle ahead enough for taking emergency braking measures.

Overtaking is not allowed under any of the following circumstances:

(I) The vehicle ahead is turning left, turning around or overtaking another vehicle ahead;

(II) The vehicle concerned is possible to meet another vehicle coming from the opposite direction;

(III) The vehicle ahead is a police car, fire engine, ambulance or engineering emergency vehicle that is performing an urgent task;

(IV) The vehicle concerned is passing a railway crossing, intersection, narrow bridge, curved road, steep slope, tunnel, crosswalk, or a downtown road section with large traffic flow, etc., where there is no condition for overtaking.

Article 44 A motor vehicle shall pass an intersection according to the traffic signal lamps, traffic signs, traffic line markings or the command of the traffic policeman; or shall, when passing an intersection without any traffic signal lamp, traffic sign, traffic line marking or command of traffic policeman, slow down to run slowly, and let the pedestrians and the vehicles with passage priority to pass first.

Article 45 When a motor vehicle meets the vehicles ahead which are waiting in a queue or are running slowly, it shall not overtake the vehicle(s) ahead or occupy the driveway on the other side, nor shall it pass through the waiting vehicles.

The motor vehicles shall, when driving on a road section or at a road junction where the driveways are decreasing, or when parked for waiting in a queue or running slowly at an intersection without any traffic signal lamp, traffic sign, traffic line marking or command of traffic policeman, pass alternatively in turn.

Article 46 A motor vehicle shall pass a railway crossing according to the traffic signals or the traffic manager's command; if there is no traffic signal or traffic manager, it shall slow down or stop, and may not pass until believing that it is safe to do so.

Article 47 A motor vehicle shall slow down when passing a crosswalk; or shall stop to give way when a pedestrian is passing the crosswalk.

When a motor vehicle is passing a road without traffic signal and a pedestrian is crossing the road, it shall give way.

Article 48 A motor vehicle that carries goods shall conform to the ratified load capacity, and it is strictly prohibited to be overloaded; the length, width and height of the carried goods shall not violate the loading requirements, and the carried goods shall not be dropped or scattered.

Article 49 A motor vehicle shall not carry persons by exceeding the ratified number.

Article 51 When a motor vehicle is running, the driver and the passengers shall use the safety belts in accordance with the provisions.

Article 52 When a motor vehicle meets with a breakdown on road, and needs to be parked for elimination of the breakdown, the driver shall immediately turn on the danger emergency alarm flash light, and move the motor vehicle to be parked at a place where the traffic will not be impeded; if the motor vehicle is difficult to be moved, the driver shall continuously turn on the danger emergency alarm flash light, and set up a warning mark towards the direction facing the coming vehicles, or take other measures to enlarge the warning distance, and shall, when necessary, promptly call the police.

Article 56 Motor vehicles shall be parked at the prescribed places. It is prohibited to park any motor vehicle on the pavement; except for the parking areas designated in accordance with Article 33 of the Law.

Whoever temporarily parks a vehicle on road shall not impede the passage of other vehicles or pedestrians.

Article 67 The maximum speed per hour indicated on the speed limitation mark of an expressway shall not exceed 120 kilometers.

Article 68 When a motor vehicle meets with a breakdown on the expressway, it shall be handled in accordance with the relevant provisions of Article 52 of the Law; however, the warning mark shall be set up outside 150 meters in a coming direction from the broken-down vehicle, and the persons in the vehicle shall be promptly transferred to the road shoulder on the right side or into the emergency driveway, and the police shall be called promptly.

Where a motor vehicle meets with a breakdown or traffic accident on the expressway, and is unable to run normally, it shall be pulled or drawn by a rescue vehicle or a wrecker.